Swimming Upstream in the Comfort of: Homage to Yves Klein, can be seen as a bridge between the previous body of work, Tangible Shadows: Intersections and Refuse Culture: Archaeology of Consumption. For Tangible Shadows discarded auto parts were collected to function as a kind of library of sensuous forms over which sheets of porcelain, stoneware, and terra cotta were draped. In the process of conceiving the Refuse Culture project, the vinyl bumpers became source material for its point of departure.